A Ministra das Finanças nigeriana e ex-diretora administrativa do Banco Mundial, Dra. Ngozi Okonjo Iweala (NOI) [en] foi a única representante do continente africano, e a única mulher, a apresentar-se como candidata [en] para a sucessão do atual presidente do Banco Mundial, Robert Zoellick, que deixará suas funções ao término de seu mandato, no próximo dia 30 de junho. Ela perdeu a vaga para o Dr. Jim Yong Kim [en], médico coreano naturalizado americano, que foi eleito no último 16 de abril.
A novidade despertou reações variadas dos internautas. Alguns blogueiros e usuários do Twitter viam na candidatura de NOI uma excelente oportunidade para pôr fim à tradição segundo a qual apenas americanos presidem o Banco Mundial, desde a sua criação.
Apesar da derrota, o CP-Africa, um blog africano dedicado a negócios, tecnologia e cultura, chama a atenção para o entendimento de Ngozi [en] sobre sua candidatura abrir um forte precedente para futuros candidatos de mercados emergentes:
….she stated an important point highlighting that her candidacy sets a good precedence for future candidates from emerging markets.
Olise não concorda [en] com a observação de Ngozi:
Alot of pple [people] might not want to hear this, but its a fact that no one can change. Coming from a country wth so much natural endowments and yet in abject poverty, I think it absolutely illogical for any one to want to give any support to our dear finance minister who apparently has not bn able to tackle the pitiable economic situation of her own country but yet is gunning to become the president of the world bank.She should quite the folley by trying to ride on the wings of her experience as charity they say begins @home. If she can‘t tackle our own issues back home then she should resign. As far as I‘m concerned, that woman is too high up there to understand let alone relate wth our perculiar Nigerian situation.
Outro leitor identifica cinco lições [en] que Ngozi tem que tirar da sua derrota:
This is the golden moment for Ngozi to appreciate nigeria, emmerging economies and africa in general, for the support she enjoyed prior to the selection of world bank president. There exist lessons to learn for mrs Ngozi; which include: 1. America can use and dump you. 2. Competence is not a criterior in international politics. 3. Africans are third citizens. 4. Nigeria is all that she has and no place like home. 5. What next: quick reversal of her traditional economic policies that are too ideal for a nation that lacks economic foundation. It is time for her to be local champion in her domain. Let her pay nigeria and africa through reversal of her euro – american policies to real economic reforms that will reduce tension and hardships to the average Nigerian. Ngozi, i pray for ur success not because i like you or you did anything good to my country but because you are the most competent among the contenders. Health and economic trends are two different issues and World bank is not WHO!
O vídeo abaixo [en] é do @cpafrica e explica por que o Banco Mundial não escolheu Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala para a nova presidência da instituição:
No Twitter, como era de se esperar, nem mesmo entre os nigerianos existe um consenso. Alguns nigerianos questionam como uma economia tão mal gerida quanto a Nigéria poderia produzir uma presidente do Banco Mundial. Outros argumentam que sua candidatura foi simplesmente simbólica:
@rosanwo: The fact that most Nigerians do not understand the history of the World Bank and how it operates contributed to their thinking NOI [Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala] could win.
@Yillande:A competent woman like Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala was not choosen when she has all the Qualification to head it…
@Tejiriaren: Dr Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala… What an inspiration, this woman! Unfair what the US did in the selection process…. But then again, its d US!
@nigerianblogger: Allowing African countries to determine who becomes WB President would be like allowing debtors to select the MD of a Bank.~Usman Bala
@rosanwo: Allowing a Nigerian to take charge of the World Bank is like putting North Korea in charge of Human Rights ~ Bolingo Turary. Hian!!!
@BBC_AudreyB: Ngozi Okonjo Iweala says she celebrates the fact that Jim Yong Kim got the World Bank job she wanted. Really Ngozi? So you're not bitter?
@SaneleZondi: Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala contesting for World Bank presidency was more a symbolic gesture than ‘real'.
@nnamdiarea: …But if these Nigerian officials are so world class, why is Nigeria such a shitty country?
@rosanwo: Chai, all those our people wey don dey dream of World Bank Ngozi Ankara, business don spoil [en]
@Yadomah: BREAKING NEWS: Boko Haram claims responsibility for Ngozi Okonjo Iweala's world bank race kick out…..
@ged: Tomorrow morning or later this night, we'll start reading some fictional reasons why Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala lost in the W/Bank Presidency race.
@omonational: @OccupyNaija @rosanwo @ogundamisi It would have been the most shameful thing if she has been elected. NIGERIANS! TOP POST IN D WORLD?
@OccupyNaija: Soon @NOIweala will come home to tell us how she bowed out of WB Presidency Race to focus more on Nigeria her 1st love!!..
@nnamdiarea: Then what we are going around dragging international positions for, when more than half our people can barely feed? What is wrong with us?
@djudje12: WBP: NOI :I know what it is 2 carry water on bare head,vote for me! West:We've seen ur president who went to school on barefeet,no votes pls
With regard to the selection process, it is clear to me that we need to make it more open, transparent and merit-based. We need to make sure that we do not contribute to a democratic deficit in global governance.
Nevertheless, by our participation we have won important victories. We have shown what is possible. Our credible and merit-based challenge to a long-standing and unfair tradition will ensure that the process of choosing a World Bank president will never be the same again. The struggle for greater equity and fairness has reached a critical point and the hands of the clock cannot be turned back.
Contudo, através de nossa participação, já obtivemos importantes vitórias. Mostramos que é possível. Desafiamos uma tradição antiga e injusta de forma convincente e meritória; com isso, o processo de escolha do presidente do Banco Mundial jamais será o mesmo. A batalha por maior igualdade e justiça chegou a um ponto crítico, e os ponteiros do relógio não podem ser voltados para trás.